Isle of Iona

 

Iona -The Sacred Isle,and Iona Marble quarry

                                                                                                                                    

 

  • Isle of Iona
  • Isle of Iona
  • Iona Abbey Isle of Iona
  • Isle of Iona
  • Isle of Iona

Click the following links for: Iona Abbey | Columba | Reilig Odhran  | St. Martin's Cross Parish Church and Manse | St. John's Cross AugustineNunnery| Abbey Restoration Dun I

For Walks on Iona click on:  West and South walk     North Walk   

CLICK ON PHOTOS TO ENLARGE    
Iona Baille Mor village Traigh Mhor Beach

Traigh Mor Beach Village and Abbey

The Isle of Iona lies approximately 1.6 kilometres (1 mile) off the south west coast of the island of Mull. It is 1.6 kilometres (1 mile) wide and 5.6 kilometres (3 miles) long with a resident population of approximately 160. The geology of the island consists mainly of Precambrian Lewisian gneiss with Torridonian sedimentary rocks on the eastern side and small outcrops of pink granite on the eastern beaches and outcrop of Iona Marble and is very different to the rock structure and topography of Mull. Like other places swept by ocean breezes, there are few trees with most of these being located around the parish church area. The name Iona is thought to derive from the

Old Irish word for a yew tree, Eo, and although unproven, yew trees may have been here in earlier times. Iona's highest point is Dùn Ì, (pronounced Dun E and means 'hill of Iona') is 101 metres (331 ft) above sea level, an Iron Age hill fort dating from 100 BC – 200 AD. The trek to the top is well worth the effort with fabulous panoramic views looking

Isle of Iona

Village Iona

west out over many of the other Hebridean islands including Coll, Tiree, Lunga, Staffa and on a really good day Rhum, Eigg and Skye, to the south Jura , Islay and sometimes even North Antrim coast of Ireland. You will also find a cairn, trig point and the 'fountain of youth' at the top where legend has it it if you wash your face in its waters at sunrise you will remain eternally youthful. I have yet to be persuaded as it looks like a peat bog to me! Its geographical features include the Bay at the Back of the Ocean and Càrn Cùl ri Éirinn (the Hill/Cairn

of [turning the] Back to Ireland), said to be adjacent to the beach where St. Columba first landed.The main settlement, located at St. Ronan's Bay

Baile Mor Isle of Iona Inner Hebrides

Sound of Iona and Baile Mor Village Iona from Mull

on the eastern side of the island, is called Baile Mòr and is also known locally as "The Village". The primary school, post office, the island's two hotels, the Bishop'sHouse and the ruins of the Nunnery are here. TheAbbey and MacLeod Centre are a short walk to the north and on your way opposite the Columba Hotel you will find the Columba Steadings, home to a number of local artisan and craft shops. Port Bàn (white port) beach on the west side of the island is home to the Iona Beach Party. Iona, being small, means that it’s economic resources are limited; however, with good fertile soil in parts and unlimited riches of the sea, a reasonable living can be made. Crops are grown, animals grazed and the sea provides fish and shellfish. Much of the island's economy is now supported by tourism with day visitors to the Abbey as well as visitors staying on the island.

There are numerous offshore islets and skerries of which Eilean Annraidh (island of storm) and Eilean Chalbha(calf

Isle of Iona

Bay at the back of the Ocean Iona

island) to the north, Rèidh Eilean and Stac MhicMhurchaidh to the west and Eilean Mùsimul (mouse  island) and Soa Island to the south are amongst the largest. The steamer Cathcart Park carrying a cargo of salt from Runcorn to Wick ran aground on Soa on 15 April 1912, the crew of 11 escaping in two boats. Soa is also the wee rocky island where John regularly fished for lobsters and on quiet sunny days often moore up on Soa to enjoy his packed lunches and take in some of the rays.

Access to Iona is via the ferry point at Fionnphort and vehicles cannot be taken across to Iona unless you are a resident of the island or you have been issued with a permit by Argyll & Bute Council. Tickets for foot passengers can be obtained from the small ticket office next to the ferry terminal waiting room or on the ferry if the ticket office is closed.

Click the following links for : Iona Abbey | Columba | Reilig Odhran  | St. Martin's Cross | St. John's Cross and Nunnery | Abbey Restoration and Dun I

         THE MARBLE QUARRY     

For walk to Marble Quarry click here West and South Walk

 

Iona Marble Quarry Isle of Iona

Iona Marble Quarry and the sound of Iona to Mull

 
Iona Marble Quarry Isle of Iona

Stone with serpentine marble in Marble Quarry

The Marble outcrop on Iona is 2700 million year old rock composed of a unique combination of Serpentine and limestone.The Marble Quarry can be found down from  a hollow where there are two old ruined stone cottages called in gaelic "Tobhta nan Sassunaich" which translates as house of the lowlanders. One of the cottages was living area and the other accommodation for the quarry workers. At the cottages turn right and south south east you will see a deep gully running down to the sea, the quarry machinery and workings are at the bottom of the gully next to the sea. At the quarry you can see cut stone with holes for gunpowder, white cut block waste stone, machinery including remains of a 1880 producer gas engine manufactured by Fielding and Platt, of Gloucester a cutting frame by G Anderson of Arbroath, rail trolley wheels, winch, water tank and iron anchor points in a natural stone pier where boats transported the marble to the

Iona Marble Quarry Iona

Stone workings Iona quarry

mainland.. These items have been given a coat of black paint to stop them rusting further

Iona Marble Quarry machinery Isle of Iona

The Marble Quarry machinery

The quarry is unique and in 1992 was made a SCHEDULED ANCIENT MONUMENT. The quarry is of national importance because it is the only early 20th century quarry retaining original machinery. Also marble quarrying has been rare in Scotland The quarry was set in the ravine and each side of the ravine is marble and you can see evidence of the working on each side. The marble is white in colour streaked and mottled with yellow-green serpentine. The outcrop was believed to be 7m wide by 100 meters long.

The communion table and baptismal font in the Iona Abbey are both carved from Iona Marble quarried on the

Iona Marble Quarry cutting machinery Isle of Iona

Cutting machinery

island. The quarry may date back to the medieval age. The Marquess of Breadalbane worked the

Iona Marble Quarry machinery

engine marble quarry

quarry in 1745 , however machinery was first installed about 1790 by the 5th Duke of Argyll, industrialist William Cadell and Swiss geologist Rudolf Raspe. However it was un economical and closed a few years later. There was a failed enterprise by The Argyll Quarry Company in the 1800s, who tried to ship on an industrial scale but the remote rocky location proved too hazardous for shipping. It re opened in 1907 but was again closed in 1915.

 

The marble was transported around the world examples of which can be found in such places as St Andrews Chapel, Westminster

Iona Marble Quarry Isle of Iona

limestone and serpentine gully

Cathedral, London, a slab was sent to Johannesburg South Africa for a headstone for a son of the Duke of Argyll, Church of St Mary, Studley Royal, Yorkshire, Scots Kirk, Paris, St Andrews church Jerusalem, Albert Memorial,London, St Columba's church, Pont Street,

Iona Marble Albert Memorial London

Iona Marble in Albert Memorial London

London. Tiblisi Palestine and Adelaide, New South Wales.

Last Amended 6 November 2015

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